33. Clinical outcomes of peripheral nerve interfaces for rehabilitation in paralysis and amputation: a literature review
Khaled M Taghlabi, Jesus G Cruz-Garza, Taimur Hassan, Ojas Potnis, Lokeshwar S Bhenderu, Jaime R Guerrero, Rachael E Whitehead, Yu Wu, Lan Luan, Chong Xie, Jacob T Robinson, Amir H Faraji
Peripheral nerve interfaces (PNIs) are electrical systems designed to integrate with peripheral nerves in patients, such as following central nervous system (CNS) injuries to augment or replace CNS control and restore function. We review the literature for clinical trials and studies containing clinical outcome measures to explore the utility of human applications of PNIs. We discuss the various types of electrodes currently used for PNI systems and their functionalities and limitations. We discuss important design characteristics of PNI systems, including biocompatibility, resolution and specificity, efficacy, and longevity, to highlight their importance in the current and future development of PNIs. The clinical outcomes of PNI systems are also discussed. Finally, we review relevant PNI clinical trials that were conducted, up to the present date, to restore the sensory and motor function of upper or lower limbs in amputees, spinal cord injury patients, or intact individuals and describe their significant findings. This review highlights the current progress in the field of PNIs and serves as a foundation for future development and application of PNI systems.